Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD)
Herniated, Bulging or Degenerative Disks
The symptoms of this condition depend on the location of the problem. Lower Back DDD often presents as a continuous, dull and aching lower back pain that can travel down the hips & legs. The pain can be worse when sitting due to pressure placed on the discs, and severe cases may also experience numbness and tingling. Neck DDD symptoms often include pain that often appears as a stiff neck, numbness, tingling, and, in some cases, there may be pain and numbness down the arms and into the hand(s).
Central Spinal Canal Stenosis
Narrowing of the central spinal canal
Symptoms include pain in the buttocks, thigh or leg that develops with standing or walking, and improves with rest. In some cases, patients complain of leg pain and weakness without having any back pain. More severe symptoms include numbness, tingling, and weakness in the lower extremities.
Spinal Instability due to a slipped vertebra
Spondylolsthesis symptoms include lower back and/or leg pain, with legs often feeling tired after a prolonged period of standing or walking.
Neural Foraminal Stenosis
Nerve Compression from where the nerve leaves the spinal canal on the side resulting in pain that travels down the arms or legs
The symptoms of this condition depend on the location of the narrowing, but most often foraminal stenosis affects the neck or lower back; neck symptoms may include neck pain that radiates to the arm and hands, numbness, tingling and weakness of the upper extremities. Symptoms affecting the back include low back pain that radiates to the buttock and lower leg, numbness, tingling and weakness of the lower extremities. The symptoms are worse upon exertion to such an extent that walking becomes difficult. The pain may also get worse from backward and sideways bending and upon rotating or swiveling. Often forward flexing and sitting relieve the symptoms.
The development of a fluid-filled cyst within the spinal cord; overtime the cyst may enlarge, damaging the spinal cord and causing pain and weakness
Syringomyelia is characterized by progressive weakness and pain in the back, shoulders, arms, or legs, an inability to feel hot or cold, a loss of pain sensation, difficulty walking, bowel and bladder function problems, and potentially curvature of the spine, or scoliosis
Spinal Cord Tumors
A growth that develops within your spinal canal/cord or within the bones of your spine, may be cancerous or noncancerous.
Spinal cord tumors have a variety of symptoms including back pain that may radiate to other parts of the body, decreased sensitivity to heat and cold, and pain, difficulty walking, a potential to falling, a change in bowel habits, difficulty with urination, and varying degrees of paralysis